Free-wheeling behavior. What I want, when I want, how I want. Places to see, people to do, things to go**. [Yes, I know ;)] Is this independence?
Let’s try “Self Reliance”, an early idea on what the USofA should be. A pride in viewing everyone the same because we are the same. A willingness to stand up and be counted when it matters. Is this independence?
On the 4th of July America celebrates its beginnings and all the best that this country comes together to be. Yes, we have problems; who doesn’t? We’re working on them. (Are you working on yours? Good. Haven’t got any? Self-analysis is wisdom.)
For Independence Day, I’ve gathered four poems that meet the requirements of the occasion: a wide-range of poetry, and the last one not even considered a poem by the majority. In looking at these four poems, we can see directions for our own attempts to celebrate this occasion.
All four use tight construction through repetition, the time-honored rhetorical device when constructing any writing for performance.
Walt Whitman: Equality, Fraternity, Liberty
First we look at the earliest Voice of America. Whitman is one of the two great American poets who can be identified by the appearance of their poetic lines alone. Emily Dickinson is the other. Like the USofA, Whitman sprawls across the continent, celebrating all of us; Dickinson writes compact poems with introspective individuality.
Perhaps the most well-known of Whitman’s poems is his “I Hear America Singing”. Free verse with his signature catalog of details, it rejoices in the plain people who began turning America into the powerhouse of industry that it became in the 20th Century.
The everyday person, working hard to enjoy the harvest of his own hands: 4th of July speeches should praise this person. Picnicking, jumping whole-heartedly into games, glorying in the fireworks: this is the poem to celebrate Independence Day.
Waldo Emerson: The Pillars of Independence Rest on the Colossus of the People
Next, the essayist who wrote the seminal “Self-Reliance” also tried his hand at poetry.
I am not a fan of Ralph Waldo Emerson. “Concord Hymn”, the usual read for Independence Day with its famous “shot heard round the world”, leaves me cold. Yet his “A Nation’s Strength” stirs the feelings of pride in our country.
While others applaud the nation or its elected leaders or its industry leaders, Emerson reminds us that nations are nothing without their people standing strong.
What makes a nation’s pillars high And its foundations strong? What makes it mighty to defy The foes that round it throng? It is not gold. Its kingdoms grand Go down in battle shock; Its shafts are laid on sinking sand, Not on abiding rock. Is it the sword? Ask the red dust Of empires passed away; The blood has turned their stones to rust, Their glory to decay. And is it pride? Ah, that bright crown Has seemed to nations sweet; But God has struck its luster down In ashes at his feet. Not gold but only men can make A people great and strong; Men who for truth and honor’s sake Stand fast and suffer long. Brave men who work while others sleep, Who dare while others fly... They build a nation’s pillars deep And lift them to the sky.
Wilfred Owen: Defend the Best in order to Live the Best
Third example is Owen, who happens to be British.
What? I thought we were looking at poems by Americans for Americans.
Owens, who died in World War I, writes of the best of living and therefore reminds us of the reason we need to maintain our independence. The rule of others who would impose beliefs contrary to the ideal of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” would destroy the USofA’s long history of self-reliance and self-industry, equality and freedom for all who wish to join in the great experiment of our self-government.
Here is one of my favorite poems, reveling in nature and life and love. It’s title is “From My Diary, July 1914”: fitting for our 4th of July celebrations.
Abraham Lincoln: Sacrifices Necessary to Retain Freedom for All
Our 16th President. Writer of the Emancipation Proclamation. Assassinated before the bleeding sides in the War of Brother against Brother.
And he’s a poet working in the form of speeches.
The Gettysburg Address is his best work. Here it is, taken out of its prose form and constructed as if Whitman had stuck out a finger and shifted the line lengths.
Fourscore and seven years ago
our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation,
conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition
that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war,
testing whether that nation or any nation
so conceived and so dedicated can long endure.
We are met on a great battlefield of that war.
We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place
for those who here gave their lives
that that nation might live.
It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But in a larger sense,
we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.
The brave men, living and dead who struggled here
have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract.
The world will little note nor long remember what we say here,
but it can never forget what they did here.
It is for us the living rather the great task remaining before us—
that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause
for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—
that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain,
that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom,
and that government of the people,
by the people,
for the people
shall not perish from the earth.
Writing for Independence Day
- Find the reason/purpose for writing.
- Identify the audience. Not old guys, but veterans. Not family, but my brother who served in Afghanistan. And not people at my church, but people who pray for those who defend us.
- Select the images to use. Seven?
- Subtract anything too maudlin. Are we at three?
- Determine the focus idea to convey.
- Use repetition and alliteration. Audiences listen for key words. Their minds chain the keys together to build sense.
- Figurative language works in performance only when it controls the entire text. Extended metaphors will carry more power than simple similes.
- Subtract anything too maudlin. Yes, again.
- Manipulate the line structure.
- Practice before performance.
In July, the long-promised “Hotel California”, performed by the Eagles, followed by a short poem with an ironic little twist.
We’re on the 5ths! Join us.