A Grammar Starter leads into a lesson.
- What do you know?
- How do you know if it’s correct?
- What do you not know?
- What do you notice about the rule you haven’t learned?
Simple conversation on these four questions strengthen the foundation of knowledge.
Grammar Starters Set 2 continues the same pattern as previously, two lessons per week (Mon. and Wed.) with a review of problems on following days (Tues. and Thurs.). If no problems were noticed, then no review is necessary.
You will need MS powerpoint to open this link.
Errors in Grammar Starter 1 will recur in this series of lessons. Newly noted are errors in pronoun / antecedent, dangling and misplaced modifiers, overuse of commas, finding subjects and verbs and complements, subordinate clauses, and a brief introduction of analogies.
At this point in the year, students should have a good grasp of subjects and verbs (including knowing the difference between action and linking verbs). They should understand the complement: action verbs lead to the direct object while linking verbs connect the subject to the predicate noun (nominative) and predicate adjective.
These 16 lessons (eight weeks) should take you through Christmas and into January.
A Word on Analogies
Analogies are not grammar; they are a critical thinking skill. They look for similarities and differences based on many different combinations.
An analogy sentence may look like this:
black : white : : night : ____
We read that sentence in this way: Black is to white as night is to ____.
Black and white are simple opposites. The opposite of night is day.
Some developers of analogies consider they have created “hard” analogies when the sentence’s “difficulty” is based on a vocabulary lack. How many students know this one:
geese : gaggle : : quail : ____ = covey.
That’s not a hard analogy. It’s only based on vocabulary words.
Hard analogies require students to think in new ways.
Song : poetry : : conversation : ____ = prose. Students have to realize that poetry is very like songs and talking is basically prose. This connects real world to the education world.
Can you complete this analogy?
____ : sorrow : : laughing : ____.
Did you say tears and happiness? Great.
Look for the next Grammar Starter lesson set in early January.